Automotive Skills Footprint

1. Standard Industrial Classification Codes (SIC Codes) were first introduced into the United Kingdom in 1948 for use in classifying business establishments by the type of economic activity in which they are engaged. A newly revised classification will come into force on 1 January 2008. The full index of SIC 2007 codes within the Automotive Skills footprint is attached as an annex to this paper.

2. The Standard Industrial Classification provides a framework for the collection, tabulation, presentation and analysis of data and its use promotes uniformity. In addition, it can be used for administrative purposes and by non-government bodies as a convenient way of classifying industrial activities into a common structure. The system is identical to systems in Europe and worldwide.

SIC codes for the Automotive Skills Footprint

3. Automotive Skills boundaries are defined in the Sector Skills Council (SSC) license from the Sector Skills Development Agency (SSDA) according to Standard Industry Classification (SIC) code definitions.

4. The new 2007 SIC Codes applying to the sector are SIC Codes 45 and 77 covering wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicle and motorcycles and the rental and leasing of motor vehicles (cars, light motor vehicles and trucks). The SIC codes cover products including passenger cars, CDVs, LCVs, HGVs, PSVs, trailers, semi-trailers and encompass specialist vehicles such as ambulances, motor homes, caravans, military vehicles and off-road vehicles.

5. However, SIC codes - although central to the coverage of our footprint as defined in the SSC contract - do not map easily onto industry-defined sub-sectors. For example, a franchised dealer in the automotive sector may be registered under one SIC Code but clearly such a business will carry out a far wider range of activities which may well be covered by other SIC codes.

Cross Boundary Issues

6. There are a number of areas where business activities cross the boundaries of SSC footprints.  This may be because a single enterprise operates in more than one SSC footprint, or because functional activities within an enterprise are similar across a range (or indeed all) of industry. For example, a franchised vehicle dealer (Automotive Skills), which has a fuel retailing forecourt (Cogent) and an on-site convenience store (Skillsmart Retail) would be carrying out activities across three different SSC footprints with three different SIC codes.

7. In cases where a business may be operating in a defined area where SSC footprints may be closely related relevant Sector Skills Councils are encouraged to work together on activities such as standards setting, for example:

a. valet services for motor vehicles comes under Automotive Skills but cleaning services more generally come under Asset Skills

b. activity to maintain and repair PSV minibuses may come under Automotive Skills or GoSkills depending on the location of the repair and maintenance activity

c. motor parts and spares retailers on the high street (e.g. Halfords) comes under Automotive Skills and Skillsmart Retail.

8. More specifically, activities within the motor manufacturing process, such as windscreen manufacture and installation, have a close relation to our work. Proskills is the SSC responsible for glass and glazing and there are proposals for Automotive Skills to be closely involved in joint standards development work to ensure that standards across the two sectors are aligned for the benefit of employers.

9. Neither contracted definition for GoSkills or Skills for Logistics overlaps with Automotive Skills, but there is abutment in the area of renting of vehicles (but no direct overlap).  Where confusion can arise is in the purchase, maintenance and repair, acessorisation, etc. of vehicles operated by passenger service operators and freight logistics operators. Strictly speaking any such activity comes under the remit of Automotive Skills, as does renting any vehicle to up to 3.5 tonnes.  Some CV/PSV operators purchase/maintain all their own vehicles, some do so through franchised dealer networks/importers, others sub-contract all such activity to dealer networks/importers.

Joint Working

10. Automotive Skills has excellent working relationships with other Sector Skills Councils especially where responsibilities overlap or align. Joint working has taken place recently with Construction Skills, SEMTA and Skillsmart Retail both on the development of national occupational standards and, importantly, in the Diploma Development Partnerships leading on the new Diplomas.

11. Wherever overlap occurs across SSC footprints, the relevant SSCs should be working together to ensure that standards across the sectors are aligned for the benefit of employers and learners. 

Annex 1
Further detail on related areas of responsibility

GoSkills looks after passenger transport operations which include:

• Passenger land transport (e.g. PSV operations such as inter-city coach services, fare-stage bus services, school bus services – including trolleybuses; taxi operations; renting of buses and coaches – above 3.5 tonnes – for non-scheduled services)
• Operation of bus stations, garages

• Driving school activities – tuition; operator licenses, certificates and permits.

Skills for Logistics is responsible for freight logistics operations which include:

• Freight transport operations by road (furniture removal; haulage; renting of trucks with driver;)

• Cargo handling & storage operations

• Transportation agencies operations (freight forwarding – but not couriers)

• Post and courier activities

Skillsmart Retail is responsible for retail operations which include:

• sale of a wide range of new and second-hand goods for personal or household use or consumption, traditionally via shops or markets

• sale in pharmaceutical outlets and other specialised outlets such as wine and spirits, meat, fish etc.

• significant growth in online retailing and the development of alternative formats such as farmers’ markets and travel retailing.

Annex 2
Index to the UK Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2007

Division 45

Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Vehicles within this sector all have a GVM, (Gross Vehicle Mass), of less than 3500Kg.

45.1  Sale of motor vehicles
45.11   Sale of cars and light motor vehicles
45.11/1 Sale of new cars and light motor vehicles
45.11/2 Sale of used cars and light motor vehicles
New Van Sales
Used Van Sales
Fleet Car Sales
Fleet Van Sales
Specialist Vehicle Sales. (Ambulance, Fire Engine, Police etc).
45.19 Sale of other motor vehicles
Vehicles within this sector all have a GVM, (Gross Vehicle Mass), of greater than 3500Kg and will include lorries trailers and semi-trailers
Camping vehicles such as caravans and motor homes
New Vehicle sales
Used Vehicle sales
Fleet Sales
Specialist Vehicle Sales. (Ambulance, Fire Engine, Police etc).
45.2  Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles
Mechanical repairs
Electrical repairs
Electronic injection systems repair
Ordinary servicing
Bodywork repair
Repair of motor vehicle parts
Washing, polishing
Spraying and painting
Repair of screens and windows
Repair of motor vehicle seats and trim
Tyre and tube repair, fitting or replacement
Anti-rust treatment
MOT Inspection
VOSA Inspection
Pre-Delivery Inspection
Safety Inspection
Pre-Sales Inspection
Service Inspection
Welding Repairs
SMART Repair. (Small to Medium Area Repair Techniques).
Paintless Dent Removal
Paint  Repair / Refinishing
Body Repair
Interior Trim
Plastic Repair
Glass Repair
Roadside Assistance
Specialist Recovery 
Trailer Repairs and Servicing
Motor caravan / Motorhome  
Caravan Repair
45.3  Sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories
Wholesale and retail trade of all kinds of parts, components, supplies tools and accessories for motor vehicles
Parts Sales
Accessory Sales
Parts Transportation / Delivery
Parts Storage
Parts Security
45.4 Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories
New Motorcycle Sales
Used Motorcycle Sales
New Moped Sales
Used Moped Sales
New Scooter Sales
Used Scooter Sales
Specialist Vehicle Sales
Mechanical Repairs
Electrical Repairs
Ordinary Motorcycle Servicing
Motorcycle Chassis and Bodywork Repair
Motorcycle Body Refinishing. (Paint).
MOT Inspection
VOSA Inspection
Pre-Delivery Inspection
Safety Inspection
Pre-Sales Inspection
Service Inspection
Roadside Assistance
Specialist Recovery 
Side Car Fitting
Side Car Inspections
Side Car Servicing
Division 77 Rental and leasing activities
77.1  Renting and leasing of motor vehicles
Renting and leasing of cars and light motor vehicles
Renting and leasing of trucks
Please note:
It is not clear from the classification which SSCs might be responsible for the following SIC Codes. This question is being pursued with SSDA.
77.12  Renting and leasing of trucks, including heavy trucks
77.39  Renting and leasing of motorcycles, caravans and campers
Car Hire
Car Leasing
Van Hire
Van Leasing
Motorcycle Hire
Motorcycle Leasing
Lorry Hire
Lorry Leasing
Trailer Hire
Trailer Leasing
Fork Lift Hire
Fork Lift Leasing
Specialist Vehicle Hire
Specialist Vehicle Leasing

The full 2007 Classification can be found at:

Index to the UK Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2003
50.10/1  Sale of new motor vehicles
50.10/2  Sale of used motor vehicles
50.20  Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles
50.30  Sale of motor vehicles parts and accessories
50.40  Sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles
71.10  Renting of automobiles